GNU FTP Mirror List
We distribute software in the hope that it will be useful, but without any warranty. No author or distributor of this software accepts responsibility to anyone for the consequences of using it or for whether it serves any particular purpose or works at all, unless he says so in writing. This is exactly the same warranty that the proprietary software companies offer: None. If the distribution is incomplete or the media fails, you can always download a replacement from any of the GNU mirrors, free of charge.
General download information
Use your web browser or another program on your system (ask locally if need be) to connect to the host you are downloading from.
For FTP, ALWAYS USE BINARY/IMAGE MODE TO TRANSFER THESE FILES! Text mode does not work for tar files or compressed files. If asked, login in as user anonymous, with any password, and set binary mode.
Downloading GNU software
GNU software is available on ftp.gnu.org under the directory /gnu. Please try to use one of the many mirrors of that site listed below: the mirrors will be less busy, and you can find one closer to your location. Some mirrors also provide a copy of the rest of ftp.gnu.org; try the parent directory if you're interested.
The tar archives or diff files are usually compressed with gzip (http://gnu.org/software/gzip); this is indicated with the .gz suffix.
Sometimes bzip2 compression (http://bzip.org) is used; it compresses better than gzip, but decompresses slower. This uses the .bz2 suffix.
Sometimes lzma compression (http://tukaani.org/lzma) is used; it also compresses better than gzip (and better than bzip2) and decompresses nearly as fast, but can take longer to do the compression. This uses the .lzma suffix.
Descriptions of GNU software are available in the Free Software Directory: http://www.gnu.org/directory
GNU mirror list
- United States
- North Carolina
- The Americas (other than the U.S.)
- Hong Kong
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- United Kingdom
Add your mirror to this list
We welcome and appreciate more mirrors. If you are able to provide one, please see http://www.gnu.org/server/mirror.html for information and instructions. When it's up and running, contact <firstname.lastname@example.org> to have your site added to the list.
TeX and how to obtain it
TeX is a document formatter that is used, among other things, by the FSF for all its documentation. You will need it if you want to make printed manuals.
TeX is freely redistributable. You can get it over the Internet or on physical media. For download instructions, see ftp://tug.org/tex/unixtex.ftp.
A minimal TeX collection (enough to process Texinfo files) is included on the GNU Source CD-ROM. See http://www.gnu.org/order/sourcecode.html.
If you like the software
If you like the software developed and distributed by the Free Software Foundation, please express your satisfaction with a donation. Your donations will help to support the Foundation and make our future efforts successful. The Foundation continues to improve GNU programs and encourage the writing of new free software to enhance GNU/Linux and GNU/Hurd systems. For more information on GNU and the Foundation, see our web site at http://www.gnu.org.
Ordering our software distributions is a very good way for your organization to help support our work. You can also purchase printed manuals, reference cards, t-shirts, and other items. See our online ordering form at http://order.fsf.org for details.